Concomitance, n.; L. The presence of Christ's Body and Blood, under either consecrated A form of argumentation or reasoning which deduces a conclusion from certain and evident premises; capable of being demonstrated, n. The study of the nature and basis of knowledge. The second of the choirs of angels, near to the throne of God because (2) The particular regulations governing the life of members of a religious institute. An abbess has domestic or temporal authority but no spiritual jurisdiction. Clausura, n.; L. The enclosure, (1) That part of a monastery or convent which has been canonically set apart as the place of residence of the religious and which may not be transgressed by Cassock , n.; It., Fr. Also the similar word, baldaquin.) Convert, n.; L. A person who has not been baptized or one baptized as a non-Catholic who becomes a Catholic by reception of Baptism or by profession of faith and abjuradon of errors; one who becomes an active, participating member of the Catholic Church. Cherubim, stone, must be consecrated by a bishop, and large enough to support the host and the greater part of the chalice. Such letters are now given to clerics who go from one diocese to another, testifying that they are duly ordained and free of canonical censure. Chant (gregorian), n.; L. The official music of the liturgy, called gregorian because of its final development by St. Gregory; and prescribed for those parts of the liturgy which are to be sung. which the cruets containing wine and water are placed. A formal law of the Church. Cardinal, n.; L., It. ), Altarage, n.; L., A.S. Philosophical term in distinction to substance. Civory, n.; also, cibory, L., A.S, The ciborium magnum. name applied to the collection of laws promulgated on May 27, 1917. The body of Christian; who profess the faith of Christ and believe in all the teachings of Jesus Christ, use the same means of grace, the Sacraments, and of the same authorities, their pastors united under one visible head, the Pope who is the representative of Christ on earth; that Church instituted by Christ with infallible authority under the visible head, the Pope; the Church which has all four of abbot), n.; (2) Abstinence from sexual intercourse by married persons, either by mutual vow or because of circumstances. A pure spirit, a being that cannot be perceived by the senses because it has no body but which is a person since it possesses intellect and free will. Arianism , n. The heresy originated by Arius (d. 336) denying the consubstantiality of God the Son with God the Father, consequently a denial of the true and eternal Godhead of Christ. The need for a modern Catholic dictionary seems obvious. Church of Christ, n. The Catholic Church. The vessel in which incense is burned at certain liturgical functions. Literally, a priest given charge of a chapel; a priest appointed to exercise the sacred ministry in an institution such as a convent or hospital; one appointed to serve in a particular way, as, e.g., an army chaplain. (Cf. It is carried before the archbishop in processions in his own province. Also, in America, the advisors of a bishop. A formal hearing or interview with the Pope. stitute to one of his clergy stating that the priest bearing the letter has been duly ordained and is free of canonical censure, and asking that he be allowed to celebrate Mass in other dioceses. (Cf. Oils, holy.). Archbishop, n.; Gr., L. The bishop of an archdiocese who has limited authority over the other bishops of his province. The title is usually given as an honorary award. God or His creatures; if calling Clerk, n.; Gr.. L., A.S. A name generally applied to the inferior ranks of the secular clergy; sometimes applied to all those entitled to clerical privileges. Canticle, n.; L. A sacred song or poem found in the Bible; e.g., one from the Old Testament as recorded in Daniel 3:52-57; or one from the New Testament as found in Luke 1:46-55. The nun who is the superior of a community of nuns in those religious orders which have abbots as superiors of male communities. Also, anamnesis. A law in the western Church forbidding under pain of nullity the marriage of men in Holy Orders, beginning with the subdiaconate, and prohibiting a married man who has received Holy Orders from co habiting with his wife. Generally, the adoration of God. ), Chronista, n.; Gr. They (1) The proceedings and their recording in a court of justice. ; Gr., L. The science and art of instructing the young in Christian (Cf. Curate, n.; L. A priest Curialia, n. pl; L. The duties and Cantor, n.; L. The song leader of a choir; the precentor; a chanter. It is most frequendy used where the altar is of stone, and though not necessary, it serves as a protection for the other cloths against moisture or the oils of consecration on a newly consecrated altar. Austerity, n.; Gr., L. Bodily mortification for spiritual advancement, such as a fast or other penance painful to the body. Vow.). (1) A corporation of persons Joined in a common pursuit. Cappa, n.; L. A cape; a long cloaklike garment worn over the shoulders. Common, n.; L. (1) The ordinary of the Mass, especially the sung parts. that veneration given to the Blessed A building devoted to divine worship for use of the faithful in a group. Enclosure; also Cloister.). Abduction, n.; L.The forceful carrying off or detention of a woman by a man which forms a diriment impediment to marriage between such a man and woman so long as she is in his power against her will for the purpose of marriage. ; Gr., L. (1) Apocryphal writings attributed to St. Clement of Rome. either as monks or secular priests. The basic motivation for Catholic Action. The cappa magna is of scarlet silk when worn by cardinals and of purple wool when worn by a bishop. The feast is celebrated on the fifteenth of August and is a holyday of obligation. Angelical salutation, n.; Gr., L, "The Hail Mary." A traditional Catholic - in the post-conciliar sense - is a Catholic who wants the Mass, all sacraments and rites, and catechesis, restored to how they were before Vatican II. Altar (high), n.; L., A.S. These and similar questions are treated elsewhere in the CATHOLIC ... reference to tradition and to the living magisterium inasmuch as it is the organ of preservation and transmission of traditional and revealed truth. which honor is given to God. of blasphemy. Transubstandation.) ), which is a symbol of authority for the bishop; (Cf. the equilateral cross, the four arms being equal in length, (b) Latin the cross in which the transverse beam is shorter th;in the upright and the headpiece projects above the transverse bar. Commission, n.; L. Fr. The Protestant Apocrypha differs from that (Cf. of numbers or letters standing for Conditional, adj. It corresponds somewhat to a portable altar. Antiphonary, n.; Gr., L. Latin: Antiphonale Romanum. pi. Cilicium, n.; L, A garment worn for penance; a hairshirt. All Souls A.S. (4) Prayers by which one declares his faith in God, hope in Him, charity or love of Him, and sorrow for sin because of offending Him. Creed, n.; L. A listing of the principal articles of faith; a prayer in which the articles of faith are contained and which may be said as a profession of faith. Burial in consecrated ground is a mark that the departed died in communion with the Church. Agnus Dei (arn-yoos-Day-ee), n.; L. (1) The prayer in the Mass, shortly before the Communion, beginning with these words, in English, "Lamb of God." Absolution, n.; L.(1) The remission of sin by an authorized priest in the Sacrament of Penance; the judicial act of forgiving; sacramental forgiveness. (2) A symbol of the authority of the bishop; also a symbol of authoritative teaching. The priest is permitted to celebrate three Masses on this day. A prophetical book of the Old Testament;the author of this book who lived in the eighth century B.C. The abbot is elected for life. Generally refers to the entire group of buildings, but sometimes only to the church building. Its motive is supernatural because it arises from faith but is not based on unselfish love of God. Cenacle, n.; L., Fr. (3) When used alone it usually refers to the Church Triumphant, n. The souls in heaven; the saints forming part of the Mystical Body of Christ. Gr. after which Sundays and week (Cf. Chorister, n.; L., Fr. "If thou art not already baptized, I baptize thee....etc. They need not be separate acts but can exist as habits or vices. Literally: "He may celebrate.". Also a collection of questions and answers; usually a book or booklet, used for instruction in Christian doctrine. (2) The room or separate dwelling of a monk; his living quarters. Christening, n.; L., A.S. Cope, n.; L. A cape-like vestment, usually of silk, reaching from the shoulders to the feet. Accomplice, n.; L. On who cooperates in the sin of another; one who gives physical or moral aid to another in the commission of a sin or the planning of a sinful act. Celebret. The traditional latin massis admired for its solemnity and reverence. Canon of Scripture.). Sometimes the use of the word includes all religious, even Sisters and lay brothers. nineteen years the full moon re-occurs on nearly the same day. (Cf. (3) The collective name used in regard to the cardinals who form the advisory body of the Apology, n.; Gr. Clergy, n.; L., O.Fr. For a sufficient reason, miterial cooperation is sometimes lawful. Antiphon, n.; Gr. All items in this dictionary are from Fr. Avarice. (1) The Canon of the Mass. It is called Apostles' because it embodies a summary of Apostolic teachings. Males attain the age of puberty at the end of the fourteenth year, and females at the end of the twelfth year of age; those who have not reached the age of puberty are not subject to penalties latae sententiae; God-parents at Baptism must normally be at least fourteen years of age. Therefore it denied the true humanity of Christ. of external worship. A group of ecclesiastics appointed to perform special duties or to carry out certain work; the group may be papal or diocesan. Acolyte, n.; Gr., L. An escort; an attendant. Consubstantiation, n.; L. The heretical doctrine which holds that the substance of the bread and wine merely exists together with the substance of the Body and Blood of our Lord after consecration. (1) An official of the papal court; one acting as a member of the (Cf. The tax due from each parish church for the maintenance of the Bishop is popularly but mistakenly called cathedraticum. Aggeus, n.; L. The Latin for the Hebrew name Haggai. are: white, red, green, purple, black, and old rose for use on the third Sunday of Advent and the fourth Sunday of Lent. The Abbe (Fr. Also cenobite. (Obs.). Catechism, n. In the Church it has come to mean a rule of belief or conduct. Cure of Souls, n.; L., O.Fr. elapsed between dates. (1) That part of the church between the altar and the nave, deriving its name from the rails which form the separation. 2:19, 20.) Chantry, n.; L., O.Fr. (b) Dulia, that veneration given to (Cf. Also the process of purifying the chalice during Mass. Affinity, n.; L. Relationship of persons arising from a valid Christian marriage, whether consummated or not. doctrine. (1) A small unit of a monastery. Candelabrum, n.; L. Pl. Abrogation, n.; L. In canon law, the repeal or cancellation of a law; the total revoking of a law. Clementine Instruction, n. The book containing the regulations for the Forty Hours' Prayer as given by Pope Clement VIII in 1592 and modified and reissued by Pope St. Pius X in 1914. The Canon of the Mass, including the Preface in Eastern rites. Accommodation, n.; L.; Bib. (Cf. Cardinal (virtues), n. (Obs.). We intend to make available only those books that are completely in line with Catholic dogma and morals and to defend and promote the Catholic religion with no compromises. Almoner, n.; A.S. That which is apt to exist only in another being; it has no independent existence, its existence is not self-sufficient. Attention, n.; L. Advertence of the mind to what one is doing; required for prayer and for the lawful administering or receiving of the sacraments. (2) A cross mounted on three steps. (3) The actual performance of a rite. similar circumstances. Antistes, n.; L. 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