The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Failure of Great Indian Revolt of 1857 and Its Causes, The Revolt of 1857 in India (Study Notes), Revolt of 1857 in India : Nature and Results, The Revolt of 1857 in India: Causes, Spread and Other Details, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Mangal Pandey was a represen­tative of the totality of the sepoys’ wrath against the British. | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 154 Class 8 Students. 11.5. pledged equal treatment to all subjects, whether Indians or Europeans. _____were the princely states that remained loyal to the British during the revolt of 1857. Further, the missionary activities of charitable and philanthropic nature were looked with suspicion as the missionaries used to heckle the Hindus for worshipping many gods and goddesses, and their efforts to convert to Christianity many economically and socially backward community people and in their educational institutions they began to openly canvas about Christianity. Most of all thank you for modeling my values and behaviour. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! One thing which I can assure you, you will not… Read more “MENTOR”. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. Rev. In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run … Content Guidelines 2. 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES If you are a patron of Science, he will never let you lose your passion for it and if you are a staunch hater of the same, the classes here at Target Academy will be an unexpected change of your life. The period after the revolt saw major changes in … Tara Chand observes, “Each region became, after annexation, a scene of resistance and revolt, in which land holders and peasants were involved and in which the disbanded soldiers of the landlords, the ministers of religion and the dismissed dependents participated”, as a result of the British occupation by annexation. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan observes: “All persons, whether intelligent or ignorant, respectable or otherwise, believed that the government was really and sincerely desirous of interfering with the religion and customs of the people, converting them all, whether Hindus or Muhammadans to Christianity and forcing them to adopt the European manners and habits”. Naturally, this type of reaction is justified as the Indians are the losers and the British gainers. Special attention is paid to competitive exams through Target+ courses, due to which I got to learn with the brightest minds from various schools in Lucknow. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at … The sepoys’ revolts were not a new phenomena and go back to the first decade of the 19th century. In this revolt, human loss on both sides was considerable. The army of Vellore mutinied against the British in 1806 opposing the replacement of turban by a leather cockade. All the notes, soft copies, links, helped me to reach where I am today. 17. It exhibited the popular opinion of Indians, and brought together the disgruntled sections of the society. The Barons revolted and captured London, forcing King John to draw a negotiation. All these made the Indians come to the conclusion that their religion was in danger and this suspicion aroused the religious and social sentiment of the Hindus against the British. Further, the open disrespect exhibited by the British towards the last of the Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar made the Muslims rise in revolt. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. The prominent leaders of 1857 revolt were: (i) The Rani of Jhansi who sacrificed her life fighting in June 1858. The most well-known incident is that of Mangal Pandey, who was the first person to point a gun at a British officer and was later hanged for this. The rebels proclaimed Fettah Hyder as their new ruler, and hoisted tiger-stripped flag of Tipu Sultan. This distrust hardened in due course as Indians were denied positions in all high civil and military jobs which were reserved for the Europeans and in particular to the British. The Revolt of 1857 laid the foundation for growth of Indian Nationalism in the second half of the 19th century. All these leaders no doubt were affected by the policies of the British in the last hundred years and had genuine grievance against the British. This severely hurt the religious sentiments of the sepoys who were mainly Hindus and Muslims. All thanks to SOORAJ SIR. The 1857 revolt sowed the seeds of Indian Nationalism. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan admits that during the famines of 1837, many orphans became Christians. Every extra class was like adding extra marks to our board exams. Humiliation of the Indian sepoys. What was the main cause of the revolt of 1857? It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. I am glad I met you and came to Target Academy! I truly enjoyed studying because your classes were interesting and challenging. It was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from British imperialism. 2. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. Further the latest device of the Doctrine of Lapse implemented by Dalhousie dispossessed a group of native rulers and leaders and they joined hands with the rest of the population. Annexation of territories by the British also annoyed the sepoys. In 1806, the 4th Regiment rose in revolt against the new turban. It is so, as the one hundred years penetration of the British East India into different parts of India through wars and diplomacy and the introduction of alien revenue, judicial social intervention methods and language of English as the medium of instruction at the school and collegiate level destabilized the existing pre-British socio-cultural fabric. Moving back 2 centuries, Britishers actually entered India at the start of the 17th century in 1611, and in 1613 with the help of Mughal Emperor in Surat, they established East India Company for trading purposes. Revolt of 1857 / Causes / India's First War of Independence / History for UPSC SSC NCERT Easily understands the facts related to Causes of Revolt of 1857. The revolt also exhibited Hindu-Muslim unity. the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. Thanks a lot sir for all the love, guidance, and motivation. The End of the Revolt and its Significance: Eminent Awards (Part 1): Bharat Ratna & Padma Awards, British India: Administrative, Economic, Educational and Social Policies & Reforms, Paramilitary Forces & Special Forces of India, Syllabus, Important Topics, & Recommended Books, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5jLn8GgvrU&list=PLZny5GcdWLN55HJ-z0hU83EsSZ32r-o30, A guide, a motivator, a teacher and a counselor, our instructor… Sooraj Sir, Was the Revolt of 1857 the first rebellion against the British in India? The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. In course of time, a vast store of explosive material had been collected. Dec 08,2020 - Causes of revolt of 1857? Therefore, it was a protest by sepoys against the Company. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the. The British were so arrogant and haughty, that a police regulation published by a magistrate at Agra categorically states “Every native, whatever his pretended rank may be, ought to be compelled, under heavy penalties, to salaam all English gentlemen in the streets and if the native is on horseback or in a carriage, to dismount and stand in a respectful attitude until the European has passed him.”. After coming here, the real preparations for exams started. • economic causes. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. III. The Causes Of The Rebellion. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. The other rebellions had only regional interests of safeguarding one’s own kingdoms. Encouraged by the success at Delhi, the sepoys of Lucknow, Bareilly, Kanpur, Jhansi, Central India, Bundelkhand, etc., rebelled and by the middle of June 1857, the whole of Northern India was in revolt. Pension as he was driven by conviction to bring all the notes, copies... 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